“The fact that thousands of people in Afghanistan are trying to flee the country every day shows the tragedy that this country is actually suffering and will continue to suffer. There is no effective measure to eliminate the main reasons and motivations for the mass migration of Afghan people abroad .
Euro international News : Referring to the political and economic crisis in Afghanistan today and the chaos of the country, he specifically referred to the migration of Afghan people through the province of Nimroz, located in the southwest of the country. Accompanied by a group of Afghan refugees and the story of their adventurous journey out of Afghanistan, he deals with the various adventures that these migrants have in their personal lives, as well as the numerous dangers that they have to deal with in order to leave Afghanistan. .
SPIEGEL specifically points out that with the rise of the Taliban and the escalation of tensions in Afghanistan and the economic collapse of the country, about 3,000 people a day leave Afghanistan illegally for the southwestern border in Nimroz province. They are moving and trying to build a new future for themselves by leaving Afghanistan, far from the shadow of the Taliban government.
SPIEGEL writes: “Calm, quiet, and without any illumination: these are the instructions of a young man who prepares Afghan immigrants.” A group of 40 men, women and children look at him in a dark room with scared and tired faces. They entered the city of Nimroz in the southwest of the country from all over Afghanistan.
This point in Afghanistan is the only way that those Afghans who do not have enough money or do not have relatives in Europe and the United States, can move towards it, somehow try to get out of Afghanistan. Neighboring countries are taking extensive measures to control their common border with Taliban-controlled Afghanistan. However, border control is very difficult at noon. In fact, this is the last hope of people to get out of poverty and despair. Of course, if they can endure the hardships until they reach their destination.
Every day, according to various estimates of human traffickers, more than 3,000 Afghans enter Nimroz secretly to cross Afghanistan’s western borders. Extensive efforts by Afghan men to leave the country and find new jobs and lives outside Afghanistan are by no means a new phenomenon. However, since the re-emergence of the Taliban in Afghanistan in August 2021, a significant flood of farmers and engineers , Government employees as well as Afghan families are trying to reach Iran or other countries.
In this regard, almost all Afghans say, “Yes, we now have peace and security in Afghanistan, but there is virtually no economy, business or income in our country.” Apart from the above-mentioned groups, this issue has led them to accompany the soldiers and police forces and intelligence officials of the former Afghan government. People who are faced with only two options by the Taliban: either leave the country or die.
As sunset approaches, people are brought to rural houses in Nimroz to avoid attracting attention. Next, they wait a few hours for a transit message to leave the house and move to the border. At 2:30 in the morning, they are told that it is time to leave. In the middle of the road, any children whispering and crying can be extremely dangerous.
Suddenly one of the smugglers shouts, “Go now!” He says this in a situation where apparently he was patrolling near the Iranian border at that moment and there were no surveillance forces. As a result, very soon all the people disappear in complete darkness, in the darkness of the night. In this regard, Nasrullah, a tailor from Herat, whose work has been severely slowed down since the Taliban came to power and who has been forced to sell everything he has to leave Afghanistan with his wife and three children, is present.
Ghulam Yahya, a 54-year-old man who looks more like a 70-year-old man who used to sell fruit in his handcart in Kabul, is also looking to leave Afghanistan. Ali Akbar, a 17-year-old who has spent the last five years trying to leave Afghanistan for the West, has even been to the infamous Moria Camp (a camp in Lisbon, Greece), where asylum seekers live in The refugee camps are being housed, and the delivery is also present in the community. His only goal is to leave Afghanistan and reach Europe. He says that nothing can stop him from achieving his goal.
The night is very cold. Shrubs and sand holes practically provide cover for Afghan refugees. The human trafficker shows the way and an assistant helps him in some way. Between the two (one front and the other rear), there are Afghan refugees. This route is only a few kilometers south of the center of Afghanistan’s Zaranj province. The occasional roar of jackals creates a surreal atmosphere that resembles the laughter of a group of humans.
Some of the women and older people in the group are very tired. However, others tell them not to get tired and to keep going. The SPIEGEL team, which is with Afghan refugees, stops half a kilometer from Afghanistan’s border with Iran for two reasons.
Firstly, due to the illegal immigration of individuals, it is possible that the Iranian border guards will react to this issue (they are regularly present in the area) and secondly, the migrants are supposed to be handed over to another smuggling team and they do not know. There is a news team among the immigrants.
When the last foreign troops left Afghanistan last summer and foreign projects in Afghanistan were shut down, the jobs they created for some Afghan citizens and the billions of dollars in foreign aid flowing into Afghanistan were cut off. It should be noted that a significant portion of Afghanistan’s budget depends on Western funding, and that the Taliban’s rise to power in Afghanistan has effectively cut them off and provided no effective alternative.
Meanwhile, the West is now turning its financial resources and attention to the Ukraine crisis, and at the same time, the UN World Food Program is making great efforts to feed only the poorest people in Afghanistan. The Taliban, meanwhile, are focusing heavily on appearances. For example, they have recently asked women again to wear the burqa, and in practice have re-established many of the strict rules of appearance.
The fact that thousands of people in Afghanistan are trying to flee this country every day shows the tragedy that this country is actually suffering and will continue to suffer. No effective action is taken to eliminate the root causes and drivers of mass migration of Afghans. Meanwhile, the small town of Zaranj in Afghanistan has become a major center for Afghans migrating abroad.
A number of the hotel’s hotels are regularly filled by newcomers coming in from other cities and regions of Afghanistan. In fact, many smugglers have extensive connections with hotel owners in the city, facilitating the accommodation of immigrants by receiving a portion of the profits.
In this city, currency brokers give Iranian rials and Turkish lira to immigrants. At the same time, traveling vendors also sell SIM cards, medicines and glasses (to protect the eyes from dust) to immigrants and asylum seekers. Worn-out vehicles, meanwhile, take migrants to places where they must be handed over to smugglers.
Zaranj Passenger Terminal, Afghanistan. It can be said that the economy of this city is entirely dependent on Afghan trafficking. Thousands of Afghans come to this city every day so that they may be able to find a way to immigrate to Iran and even other countries.
Severe storms in the spring make the issue of covering the eyes and protecting them in any way possible one of the main priorities for people’s health.
Dozens of vehicles near Zaranj, Afghanistan. Afghan refugees make part of their journey to migrate outside Afghanistan in these vehicles
Every morning, thousands of people move to dusty areas known as the Afghan Passenger Terminal. Where more than 100 passenger cars are waiting for their passengers. In the meantime, specific advice is given to immigrants and asylum seekers: Be sure to wear your glasses to protect your eyes from sandstorms. Never rely on estimates provided by traffickers, for example, that there is only three hours to walk after getting out of the car. You should walk for at least two to three days.
These are the words of a 33-year-old man named Muhammad. “I have seen several bodies of asylum seekers walking along the way,” he added. In winter, the weather is so cold that people can freeze, and in summer, people can die from heat and thirst. In the past, corpses were collected, but now everyone who dies is left with a long body.
A few miles away, Ferdows, a 19-year-old, says he has been accepted to an independent American university in Turkey, but has no legal route to reach the country. He added that the US embassy in Turkey had advised him that he could reach Turkey by any means possible (at least that is what he claims).
As for the rest of the story, he hopes to be able to realize his dream and not only pursue his education by arriving in Turkey, but also pave the way for legalizing his presence on Turkish soil.
Shapur, an Afghan teenager who sells some pills and medicine to Afghan immigrants. He says that going to school is not good for him. When some call him a child, Shapur says, “Me! Child? Go reject your work. “I feed a family.”
Afghan refugees have many reasons to pray for themselves. For example, they may be abducted by smugglers, or they may die of thirst, or they may even disappear.
Another person from the crowd joins our news team to tell his story. “My five brothers, my father and I, were all members of the Afghan army,” he said. The Taliban arrested us and released us only on the condition that we leave the country as soon as possible. He still wants to talk, but someone pushes him aside and says, “What do you say?” You should serve the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan and be grateful to them (he is in civilian clothes).
He is apparently one of the forces of the Taliban regime who is ready to disguise himself and enter the field quickly in case of any disobedience and insurgency. Earlier, a former Afghan army member said that his uncle had been taken hostage by the Taliban and that he would be released only if his relatives (those now on the border and former members of the Afghan army) were released. To take a video of themselves and show that they have left Afghanistan.
“If you continue to talk like this, you will never be able to leave Afghanistan,” the Taliban force, which is close to us, suddenly said in a threatening tone. Afghan refugees are fleeing Afghanistan secretly and with great difficulty and danger, facing a bleak future. “However, they prefer migration to the current situation in Afghanistan.”